D&I Papers

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Race & Ethnicity

General

Carter et al. 2020. Behav. Sci. & Policy 6(1):57-70.
Clancy et al. 2017. J. Geophys. Res. Planets 122:1610–1623.
Donovan et al. 2019. Sci. Ed. 103:529-560.
Gauchat 2012. Am. Socio. Rev. 77(2):167-187.
Griffith 2010. Economics of Ed. Review 29:911-922.
Hales 2020. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 19(2):es2.
Hawthorne et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):325-337.
Hubbard 2017. The American Bio. Teacher 79(7):538-543.
Jimenez et al. 2019. Nature Eco. & Evo. 3(7):1030-1033.
Matias and Liou 2015. Urban Ed. 50(5):601-625.
Long et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(2):121-145.
Odekunle 2020. Science 369(6505):780-781.
Podrebarac Scuipac and Schwadel 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.
Porter et al. 2018. Studies in Grad. and Postdoc. Ed. 9(2):127-143.
Puritty et al. 2017. Science 357(6356):1101-1102.
Smith et al. 2017. Frontiers in Marine Sci. 4:ar234.
Warren 2015. Urban Ed. 50(5):572-600.

Black

Annamma et al. 2016. Urban Ed. 54(2):211-242.
Graves Jr. 2019. Evo: Ed. and Outreach 12:18.
Hoffman 2016. PNAS 113(16):4296-4301.
Hoppe et al. 2019. Sci. Advances 5(10):eaaw7238. 
Lee 2020. Animal Behaviour 10.1016/j.anbehav.2020.03.019
McCollough Jr. et al. 2020. Harvard Ed. Review 90(2):195-228.
Porter et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(1):61-80.
Porter et al. 2020. The J. of Higher Ed. 91(5):674-697.
Rosa and Mensah 2016. Phys. Review Physics Ed. Research 12(2):020113.
Ross et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(1):37-52.

Latinx/Hispanic

Arellano 2020. The J. of Higher Ed. 91(4):588-619.
Martin et al. 2018. J. Res. Sci. Teaching 56:440-464.
Smith and Camarena 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(1):81-93.
Verdín and Godwin 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(3):261-290.

Asian & Pacific Islander

Kerr et al. 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17:mr1.

Native American/American Indian, Native Alaskan, & Other Indigenous Groups

Davis-Delano et al. 2020. Race, Ethnicity, & Ed. 23(5):613-633.

Mixed Race/Multiracial

Harris and Tanksley 2020. The J. of High. Ed. doi.org/10.1080/00221546.2020.1803028.

Black & Latinx

Anderson et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center February 2020.
Brunsma et al. 2017. Sociology of Race & Ethnicity 3(1) 10.1177/2332649216681565
Doherty et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center April 2020.
Eaton et al. 2020. Sex Roles 82:127-141.
Harris 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):93-118.
Moyer et al. 2020. Harvard Ed. Review 90(2):172-194.
Riegle-Crumb et al. 2019. Ed. Researcher 48(3):133-144.
Sax et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(2):101-119.
Scott and Martin 2014. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 20(3):235-256.

Black & Asian

Ruiz et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center. July 2020.

Black; Latinx/Hispanic; and Native American/American Indian, Native Alaskan, and Other Indigenous Groups

Annamma 2018. Remedial and Spec. Ed. 35(5):313-324.
Armstrong et al. 2017. Frontiers in Eco. and the Env. 5(8):415-420.
Asai 2020. Cell 181(4):754-757. 
Canning et al. 2019. Sci. Advances 5(2) 10.1126/sciadv.aau4734
Estrada et al. 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17(1):ar9. 
Gibbs Jr. et al. 2016. eLife 5:e21393.
Matsui 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17(es11):1-5.
Meyers et al. 2018. PLoS One 13(1):e0190606.
Sanchez Gibau 2015. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 14:ar28.
Tseng et al. 2020. Nature Eco. and Evo. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-1252-0

Black, Latinx/Hispanic, and Asian & Pacific Islander

Cech 2015. Socio. Perspect. 58(1):56-77.
Fisher et al. 2020. J. of College Sci. Teach. 50(1):3-10.
Funk and Parker 2018. Pew Res. Center January 2018.
Haynes and Jacobson 2015. The J. of Env. Ed. 46(3):166-182.
Iwasaki 2019. Nature Immun. 20(9):1085-1088.
Milan 2018. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 19-300. 

Black; Latinx/Hispanic; Asian & Pacific Islander; and Native American/American Indian, Native Alaskan, and Other Indigenous Groups

Fry and Cilluffo 2019. Pew Res. Center May 2019.
Gibbs Jr. et al. 2014. PLoS One 9(12):e114736.
Ginther et al. 2012. Academic Med. 87(11):1516-1524.
Hillman 2016. Am. Ed. Res. J. 53(4):987-1021.
Jelks and Crain 2020. The J. of High. Ed. 10.1080/00221546.2019.1700477
Ong et al. 2011. Harvard Ed. Review 81(2):172-208.
Sensoy and DiAngelo 2017. Harvard Ed. Review 87(4):557-581. 
Slay et al. 2019. The Review of High. Ed. 42:255-286.
Toven-Lindsey et al. 2015. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 14:ar12.
Wilson et al. 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17:ar27.
Yamaner and Arbeit 2020. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 20-312.

Black; Latinx/Hispanic; Asian & Pacific Islander; and Mixed Race/Multiracial

Miner et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):211-230.
Sax et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):291-324.

Sex

Adamo 2013. BioScience 63(1):43-48.
Ah-King et al. 2014. PLoS Bio. 12(5):e1001851.
Anderson et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center February 2020.
Anicha et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(2):147-167.
Annamma 2018. Remedial and Spec. Ed. 35(5):313-324.
Annamma et al. 2016. Urban Ed. 54(2):211-242.
Baird 2018. IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Mag. 21(3):4-14.
Banchefsky et al. 2016. Sex Roles 75(3-4):95-109.
Bonham and Stefan 2017. PLoS Comp. Bio. 13(10):e1005134. 
Buontempo et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):271-287.
Buse et al. 2013. Career Dev. Intl. 18(2):139-154. 
Cantalupo and Kidder 2018. Utah Law Review 2018(3):ar4. 
Carter et al. 2018. PLoS One 13(9):e0200743.
Cech 2015. Socio. Perspect. 58(1):56-77.
Ceci and Williams 2011. PNAS 108(8):3157-3162.
Chen and Simpson 2015. J. of Higher Ed. 86(5):725-750. 
Clancy et al. 2014. PLoS One 9(7):e102172.
Clancy et al. 2017. J. Geophys. Res. Planets 122:1610–1623.
Clarke-Midura et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):193-210.
Corbett and Hill 2015. Am. Assoc. of Uni. Women March 2015.
Dabney et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):249-270.
Eaton et al. 2020. Sex Roles 82:127-141.
Eddy and Brownell 2016. Phys. Review Physics Ed. Research 12(2) 10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.020106
Fisher et al. 2020. J. of College Sci. Teach. 50(1):3-10.
Fox et al. 2016. Func. Eco. 30:140-153.
Fox et al. 2017. Func. Eco. 31:270-280.
Funk and Parker 2018. Pew Res. Center January 2018.
Gauchat 2012. Am. Socio. Rev. 77(2):167-187.
Gibbs Jr. et al. 2014. PLoS One 9(12):e114736.
Good et al. 2012. J. of Personality and Soc. Psych. 102(4):700-717.
Griffith 2010. Econ. of Ed. Review 29:911-922.
Hammer 2013. Bulletin for the Study of Religion 42(1):29-36.
Harris 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):93-118.
Hawthorne et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):325-337.
Hayes et al. 2013. Fem. Crim. 8(3):202-220.
Hayes-Smith and Levett 2010. Fem. Crim. 5(4):335-354.
Haynes and Jacobson 2015. The J. of Env. Ed. 46(3):166-182.
Henderson et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(4):323-337.
Henter and Mel 2016. J. of College Sci. Teaching 46(2):17-26.
Hill et al. 2010. Am. Assoc. of Uni. Women February 2010.
Holman et al. 2018. PLoS Bio. 16(4):e2004956.
Hussénius 2020. Gender and Ed. 32(5):573-576.
Infante-Perea et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(1):43-59.
Isbell et al. 2012. PLoS One 7(11):e49682.
Iwasaki 2019. Nature Immun. 20(9):1085-1088.
Jelks and Crain 2020. The J. of High. Ed. 10.1080/00221546.2019.1700477
Jimenez et al. 2019. Nature Eco. & Evo. 3(7):1030-1033.
Jones and Urban 2013. BioSci. 63(8):611-612.
Laird and Pronin 2020. Sex Roles 83:1-15.
Lerback and Hanson 2015. Nature 541:455-457. 
Linder and Lacy 2019. The J. of High. Ed. 10.1080/00221546.2019.1664195
Long et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(2):121-145.
MacNell et al. 2015. Innovative High. Ed. 40:291-303.
Milan 2018. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 19-300. 
Miner et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):211-230.
Moss-Racusin et al. 2012. PNAS 109(41):16474-16479. 
Myers et al. 2020. Nature Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0921-y
Naphan-Kingery and Elliott 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):339-360.
Nehmeh and Kelly 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(2):95-119.
Nielsen et al. 2018. Nature Hum. Behav. 2:726-734.
Ong et al. 2011. Harvard Ed. Review 81(2):172-208.
Orchowski and Gidycz 2015. Violence Against Women 21(7):803-823.
Pantic and Clarke-Midura 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):119-145.
Phou 2017. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 17-313.
Podrebarac Scuipac and Schwadel 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.
Porter et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(1):61-80.
Porter et al. 2018. Studies in Grad. and Postdoc. Ed. 9(2):127-143.
Porter et al. 2020. The J. of High. Ed. 91(5):674-697.
Puritty et al. 2017. Science 357(6356):1101-1102.
Reinking and Martin 2018. J. of New App. in Ed. Res. 7(2):148-153.
Reuben et al. 2014. PNAS 111(12):4403-4408.
Rissler et al. 2020. BioSci. XX(X):1-7.
Rosa and Mensah 2016. Phys. Review Physics Ed. Res. 12(2):020113.
Ross et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(1):37-52.
Rosenthal et al. 2016. Psych. of Women Quart. 40(3):364-377.
Sax et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(2):101-119.
Sax et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):291-324.
Settles et al. 2013. Psy. of Women Quart. 37(2):179-191.
Shields et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(2):147-163.
Silva Pimentel 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(4):303-321.
Smith et al. 2017. Frontiers in Marine Sci. 4:ar234.
Stoet and Geary 2018. Psych. Sci. 29(4):581-593.
Toven-Lindsey et al. 2015. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 14:ar12.
Verdín and Godwin 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(3):261-290.
Wilkins-Yel et al. 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(4):353-368.
Witteman et al. 2019. The Lancet 393:531-540. 
Yamaner and Arbeit 2020. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 20-312.
Zine 2006. Equity & Excellence in Ed. 39:239-252.

Sexuality & Gender Identity

Sexual Orientation

Anderson et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center February 2020.
Bilimoria and Stewart 2009. NWSA J. 21(2):85-103.
Cech and Waidzunas 2011. Engineering Studies 3(1):1-24.
Connaughton 2020. Pew Res. Center September 2020.
Hughes 2017. J. of College Student Dev. 58(3):385-401.
Hughes 2018. Sci. Advances 4(3):eaao6373.
Jimenez et al. 2019. Nature Eco. & Evo. 3(7):1030-1033.
Lupu et al. 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.
Patridge et al. 2014. J. of Women and Minorities in Sci. and Engin. 20(1):75-98.
Poushter and Kent 2020. Pew Res. Center June 2020.
Puritty et al. 2017. Science 357(6356):1101-1102.
Sansone and Carpenter 2020. Preprint https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.06664
Tilcsik 2011. American J. of Socio. 117(2):586-626.

Gender Identity

Case et al. 2009. Teaching of Psych. 36(2):117-121.
Hales 2020. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 19(2):es2.
Kersey 2018. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing 10822977.
Safer and Pearce 2013. Endocrine Practice 19(4):633-637.

Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

Barres et al. 2017. Genome Bio. 18:ar62.
Boustani and Taylor 2020. The Biochemist 42(3):16-20.
Cooper et al. 2020. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 19(es6):1-18.
Linley et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(1):1-16.
Marx and Kettrey 2016. J. of Youth and Adolescence 45:1269-1282.
Mattheis et al. 2019. J. of Homosexuality 10.1080/00918369.2019.1610632
Ng and Rumens 2017. Canadian J. of Admin. Sci. 34:109-120.
Waldrop 2014. Nature 513:297-300.
Walker 2014. Nature 505:249-251.
Yoder and Mattheis 2015. J. of Homosexuality 63(1):10.1080/00918369.2015.1078632.

Disability

Adler et al. 2017. Science 356(6336):386-387.
Adler et al. 2019. Acoustics Today 15(1):56-70.
Anicha et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minorities in Sci. and Engin. 23(2):147-167.
Annamma 2018. Remedial and Spec. Ed. 35(5):313-324.
Bonaccio et al. 2020. J. of Busi. and Psych. 35:135-158.
Booksh 2017. Diversity in the Sci. Community 2:195-203.
Booksh and Madsen 2018. MRS Bulletin 43:625-631.
Braun et al. 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17(es10):1-8.
Brown and Leigh 2018. Disability and Soc. 33(6):985-989.
Brown et al. 2018. J. of Perspectives in App. Academic Prac. 6(2):82-90.
Carroll et al. 2016. J. of Higher Ed. 87(6):771-800.
Collins et al. 2019. Studies in Higher Ed. 44(8):1475-1487.
Franklin et al. 2018. J. of College Sci. Teaching 48(2):21-28.
Gewin 2011. Nature 469:255-257.
Gobbo et al. 2018. J. of College Sci. Teaching 47(6):12-18.
Grimes et al. 2019. International J. of Inclusive Ed. 23(6):639-655.
Hale et al. 2020. Centre for Welfare Reform ISBN:978-1-912712-25-0.
Hales 2020. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 19(2):es2.
Hannam-Swain 2018. Disability & Society 33(1):138-142.
Hartmann 2019. Science 366(6466):698.
Hong 2015. J. of College Student Dev. 56(3):209-226.
Iezzoni 2018. Med. Care 56(4):277-278.
Lillywhite and Wolbring 2019. Ed. Sci 9:259.
Milan 2018. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 19-300. 
Muller 2006. J. of College Sci. Teaching 36(3):26-29.
O’Donovan 2010. J of Academic Ethics 8:171-185.
Puritty et al. 2017. Science 357(6356):1101-1102.
Sohn 2018. Nature 553:239-241.
Supalo 2015. J. of Sci. Ed. for Students with Disabilities 18(1):ar16.
Swenor et al. 2020. PLoS One 15(3):e0228686.
Wells and Kommers 2020. Inter. J. of Disability, Dev., and Ed. 10.1080/1034912X.2020.1726299
Wille and Sajous-Brady 2018. Comm. of the ACM 61(2):24-26.

Place of Origin & Language

Nationality/Citizenship & Native Language

Amano and Sutherland 2013. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 280:20122649.
Connaughton 2020. Pew Res. Center September 2020.
Fox et al. 2016. Func. Eco. 30:140-153.
Phou 2017. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 17-313.
Poushter and Kent 2020. Pew Res. Center September 2020.
Smith et al. 2017. Frontiers in Marine Sci. 4:ar234.
Yamaner and Arbeit 2020. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 20-312.

Rural and/or Southern US

Birt and Siegel 2020. The American Bio. Teacher 82(1):11-17.
Byun et al. 2012. American Ed. Res. J. 49(3) 10.3102/0002831211416344
Eppley 2017. Cultural Studies of Sci. Ed. 12:45-52.
Gauchat 2012. Am. Socio. Rev. 77(2):167-187.
Harris 2019. J. of Women and Minorities in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):93-118.
Hillman 2016. American Ed. Res. J. 53(4):987-1021.
Podrebarac Scuipac and Schwadel 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.
Wells et al. 2019. American J. of Ed. 126(1):1-31.

Veteran’s Status

Dwyer et al. 2020. J. of College Sci. Teach. 50(1):28-35.
Milan 2018. NCSES InfoBrief NSF 19-300.
Moore 2012. ISSI Fellows Working Papers https://escholarship.org/uc/item/92m9r81k
Semer and Harmening 2015. J. of Higher Ed. Theory & Prac. 15(7):31-43.
Terry 2018. McNair Scholars Res. J. 11(1):ar12.

Religion

General

Bertka et al. 2019. Evo.: Ed. and Outreach 12:ar3.
Connaughton 2020. Pew Res. Center Septembr 2020.
Gauchat 2012. Am. Socio. Rev. 77(2):167-187.
Moore et al. 2011. The Am. Bio. Teacher 73(4):222-226.
Schauer et al. 2014. The Am. Bio. Teacher 76(2):93-98.
Stanger-Hall and Wenner 2014. The Am. Bio. Teacher 76(2):101-108.
Truong et al. 2018. The Am. Bio. Teacher 60(2):106-115.

Christianity (including Catholicism and Mormonism)

Barnes et al. 2020. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 19:ar21.
Barnes et al. 2020. The Am. Bio. Teacher 82(3):93-101.
Manwaring et al. 2015. Evo.: Ed. and Outreach 2015(8):23.

Islam

Hammer 2013. Bulletin for the Study of Religion 42(1):29-36.
Mir and Sarroub 2019. Faculty Publications: Dept. Of Teaching, Learning, and Teacher Ed. 313.
Zine 2006. Equity & Excellence in Ed. 39:239-252.

Christianity and Judaism

Barnes et al. 2017. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 16:ar15.

Christianity and Atheism, Agnosticism, and Unaffiliation

Podrebarac Scuipac and Schwadel 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

Lupu et al. 2019. Pew Res. Center October 2019.

Christianity; Judaism; and Atheim, Agnosticism, and Unaffiliation

Sax et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):291-324.

Income, Parental Education/First-Generation Status, and Educational Attainment

Low-Income

Amano and Sutherland 2013. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 280:20122649.
Fry and Cilluffo 2019. Pew Res. Center May 2019.
Gauchat 2012. Am. Socio. Rev. 77(2):167-187.
Harris 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):93-118.
Haynes and Jacobson 2015. The J. of Env. Ed. 46(3):166-182.
Hillman 2016. American Ed. Res. J. 53(4):987-1021.
Matias and Liou 2015. Urban Ed. 50(5):601-625.
Smith et al. 2017. Frontiers in Marine Sci. 4:ar234.

First-Generation

Allen et al. 2015. Trans. Issues in Psych. Sci. 1(4):331-341.
Matsui 2018. CBE – Life Sci. Ed. 17(es11):1-5.
Simmons and Marin 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(1):53-71.
Verdín and Godwin 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(3):261-290.

Low-Income and First-Generation

Miner et al. 2017. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 23(3):211-230.
Sax et al. 2018. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 24(4):291-324.

Low-Income and Educational Attainment

Anderson et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center February 2020.


Age

Anderson et al. 2020. Pew Res. Center February 2020.
Harris 2019. J. of Women and Minor. in Sci. and Engin. 25(2):93-118.


Link to list of full citations